Diabetes Management = Lifestyle Management
In many cases, you can manage diabetes through better nutrition, weight management, physical activity and blood glucose (blood sugar) control. Regular checkups with your healthcare team is very important. An A1C blood test in your doctor’s office provides an average of your blood glucose levels over the past 3 months (24 hours a day, 7 days a week). It is measured as a percentage. The goal A1C for most people is less than 7%, which is an estimated average glucose of 154 mg/dL.
The A1C is not meant to take the place of your regular blood glucose testing.
People with type 2 diabetes will be instructed to monitor blood sugar levels. Your care team will determine your personal blood glucose goals. If medication or insulin is required, your healthcare team will work closely with you to determine which are best for you and your body.
Type 1 diabetes management includes blood glucose control and insulin management, exercise, nutrition and support. Many people with type 1 choose to use Insulin Pump Therapy and/or a Continuous Glucose Monitor (CGM).
Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can lead to a variety of complications, including heart attack, stroke, nerve damage (neuropathy), kidney disease (nephrology), eye disease (retinopathy), foot problems, vascular issues and more. The Diabetes Center of Excellence and UMass Memorial healthcare teams include specialists who can help you recognize the symptoms and start taking care of complications as soon as possible.