TN status for citizens of Canada and Mexico
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) established a TN nonimmigrant visa category for Canadian and Mexican citizens. Please contact Immigration Services to discuss employment for qualifying individuals.
To be eligible for admission in TN status, the individual must satisfactorily demonstrate that:
- He/she will engage in employment that is on NAFTA's list of qualifying professions (Appendix 1603.D.1).
- The position requires the individual to have at least a baccalaureate degree or appropriate credentials demonstrating status as a professional.
- He/she possesses the requisite educational background and experience for that profession.
TN status may be granted for as long as the employment offer specifies, up to 3 years, and may be extended in up to 3-year increments.
Canadian and Mexican citizens seeking admission to the United States in TN status should apply for admission with a U.S. immigration officer at a “Class A” port of entry, at a U.S. airport handling international traffic, or at a U.S. pre-clearance/pre-flight station, and should present the requested documentation sufficiently in advance of actual departure time (if traveling by air) to allow for processing. The applicant may wish to call the CBP inspection station at the planned port of entry ahead of time to verify that TN applications are accepted, since applications are not processed at every U.S.–Canada and U.S.–Mexico border crossing. The applicant should present:
- Proof of Canadian or Mexican citizenship [and TN visa stamp for Mexican citizens]
- A letter from the employer on departmental letterhead with an original signature. Please be sure to provide copies to Immigration Services (TN Template Letter is provided below for your convenience). The letter should include:
- A description of the professional activities, including a brief summary of daily job duties, if appropriate, that the applicant will engage in for UMMS
- The applicant’s educational qualifications or appropriate credentials, that demonstrate that he/she has the professional level status and the qualifications needed for the position
- The anticipated length of stay (not to exceed 3 years)
- The specific arrangements for remuneration during the time period requested (annual salary from UMMS, amount and source of Canadian or Mexican funding with equivalent in U.S. dollars, etc.)
- If required by state or local law, that the Canadian or Mexican citizen complies with all applicable laws and/or licensing requirements for the activity in which he or she will be engaged
- Documentation, such as a photocopy of diploma, that establishes that the applicant possesses the educational, professional, and/or licensing requirements for the profession or occupation. Documentation not in English must be accompanied by a translation. Also, note that degrees, diplomas, or certificates from educational institutions not located within Canada, Mexico, or the United States must be accompanied by an evaluation from a reliable credential evaluation service that specializes in evaluating foreign credentials. Note: Some ports of entry request an original diploma or degree certificate, not a copy.
A Canadian or Mexican citizen who qualifies for TN status will be issued Form I-94 (arrival/departure record) with the indication “TN,” the date of entry, and the date of expiration (not to exceed 3 years), along with the notation “multiple entry.”
Obtaining TD Status for Dependents
The spouse and unmarried children (under age 21) of a TN scholar are eligible for TD status for the same period of admission as the TN scholar. Proof of family relationship may be necessary. If the TN scholar and dependents travel separately, proof of the scholar’s TN status (such as a copy of the scholar’s Form I-94) may also be required. Each dependent who is a Canadian citizen must present proof of Canadian citizenship. If a dependent is not a Canadian citizen, a valid passport with a TD visa stamp from a U.S. Embassy or Consulate must be presented.