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Clinical Pathology 

Detailed Rotations 

Lectures give by faculty and guest lecturers. The following topics are covered: 



Primary Specimen Processing  Urine Cultures 
Blood Cultures  Mycology 
Sputum Cultures  Virology 
URT Cultures  Parasitology 
Stool Cultures  Mycobacteriology 
Anaerobic Cultures  Microbial Serology 
Genital Tract Cultures  Susceptibility Testing x3 


Coagulation and hemostasis


Overview of cytogenetics
Techniques used in cytogenetics

Transfusion Medicine 

Homologous Donors
Autologous Donors and Stem Cells
Immunologic Transfusion Reactions
Transfusion Complications: Immunological, Fe Overload
Transfusion Complications - Infectious Diseases
Plasma Exchange
Guidelines for RBS, Platelet and Plasma Transfusions
Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
Transfusion Problems in Children and Neonates
Viability and Function of Stored RBS


Sample collection, processing, storage
Spectometry, Fluometry, Flame Photometry, Atomic Absorption,
Reagent Water; Pipets
Ion-selective Electrodes, Biosensors
Enzyme Analysis, Turbidimetry, Nephelometry
Urinalysis, Osmometry
Separation methods - Electrophoresis and Chromatography
Quality Control, Proficiency Testing
Method Evaluation, Establishing Reference Ranges
Instrument purchase, costing, workflow assessment
Regulation, Inspections, Decentralized Testing

Molecular Biology 

Human Genetics x3 

  • Technical teaching
    During the core rotations, the residents are instructed in all laboratory techniques by technologists and nurses. When required, the faculty member will participate in the teaching as well. The residents rotate through various sections of the laboratory as follows: 



    The residents have a very organized rotation through each section of the laboratory 

    Transfusion Medicine:
    Blood Donor Room: 2 weeks
    Blood Bank Laboratory and Immunohematology: 6 weeks
    Histocompatibility Laboratory: 2 weeks
    After completing each section there is a written examination to assess the resident's knowledge


    All hematological tests are learned at the same time, involving both coagulation and other hemato-logical tests. In addition, some time is devoted to special tests, such as osmotic fragility, coagulation factor measurement, etc. During the hematology rotation the residents go once aweek to the hematology clinic during which time they are involved in clinical diagnostic hematology under the guidance of a clinical hematologist, and they also learn to do bone marrow aspirates. 


    The residents learn from the supervisor specific details of sample processing, techniques of processing different tissues. They also go through the abnormal case file of the director to understand the format and science of the cytogenetics reports. 

    Molecular Genetics: 

    The residents spend one week in the clinical molecular laboratory and one week in corresponding lab of anatomic pathology.