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References for the "Culturally Competent Mental Health Care to LGBTQIA Youth and Young Adults" webpage

  1. Jones, J. M. (2021, April 3). LGBT Identification Rises to 5.6% in Latest U.S. Estimate.
  2. The Trevor Project. (2019). (rep.). The Trevor Project Research Brief: Accepting Adults Reduce Suicide Attempts Among LGBTQ Youth. Retrieved from
  3. Medley, G., Lipari, R. L., Bose, J., Cribb, D. S., Kroutil, L. A., & McHenry, G. (2016, October). Sexual orientation and estimates of adult substance use and mental health: Results from the 2015 national survey on drug use and health. NSDUH Data Review.
  4. Meyer, I. H. (2003). Prejudice, social stress, and mental health in lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations: conceptual issues and research evidence. Psychological bulletin, 129(5), 674–697.
  5. Morton, M.H., Dworsky, A., & Samuels, G.M. (2017). Missed opportunities: Youth homelessness in America. National estimates. Chicago, IL: Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago.
  6. Kosciw, J. G., Greytak, E. A., Zongrone, A. D., Clark, C. M., & Truong, N. L. (2018). The 2017 National School Climate Survey: The experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer youth in our nation’s schools. New York: GLSEN.
  7. The Trevor Project. (2020). 2020 National Survey on LGBTQ Youth Mental Health. New York, New York: The Trevor Project.
  8. Straubel, C. (2021). LGBTQ+ Trauma Training [Webinar]. GSA Link.
  9. Green, A.E., Price-Feeney, M. & Dorison, S. (2020). Breaking Barriers to Quality Mental Health Care for LGBTQ Youth. New York, New York: The Trevor Project.
  10. Drescher J. (2015). Out of DSM: Depathologizing Homosexuality. Behavioral sciences (Basel, Switzerland)5(4), 565–575.
  11. Reay, B. (2018). Straight but not straight: The strange history of sexual reorientation therapy. GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies24(1), 159-161.
  12. Russell, S. T., Pollitt, A. M., Li, G., & Grossman, A. H. (2018). Chosen Name Use Is Linked to Reduced Depressive Symptoms, Suicidal Ideation, and Suicidal Behavior Among Transgender Youth. The Journal of adolescent health: official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine63(4), 503–505.
  13. GLSEN. (n.d.). Pronoun Guide. Retrieved September 13, 2021, from
  14. American Counseling Association. (2014). 2014 ACA Code of Ethics. Retrieved from
  15. American Psychological Association. (2017). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. Retrieved October 1, 2021, from
  16. Coffman, C., & Barnett, J. E. (2015, October). Informed consent with children and adolescents. [Web article]. Retrieved from
  17. Sori, C. F., & Hecker, L. L. (2015). Ethical and Legal Considerations When Counseling Children and Families. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy, 36(4), 450-464. Retrieved from
  18. Barnett, J. E., Behnke, S. H., Rosenthal, S. L., & Koocher, G. P. (2007). In case of ethical dilemma, break glass: Commentary on ethical decision making in practice. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 38(1), 7–12.
  19. Kahn, E., Johnson, A., Lee, M., & Miranda L. (2018). 2018 LGBTQ Youth Report. Human Rights Campaign. Retrieved from
  20. Schwartz, A. P. (2014, October 3). Why outing can be deadly. National LGBTQ Task Force. Retrieved October 1, 2021, from
  21. Commonwealth of Massachusetts. (n.d.). Guide on the disclosure of Confidential Information: Health Care Information. Retrieved October 1, 2021, from
  22. American Psychological Association (2015). Guidelines for psychological practice with transgender and gender nonconforming people. The American psychologist70(9), 832–864.
  23. Turban, J. L., King, D., Carswell, J. M., & Keuroghlian, A. S. (2020). Pubertal Suppression for Transgender Youth and Risk of Suicidal Ideation. Pediatrics, 145(2), e20191725.
  24. Brooker, A. S., & Loshak, H. (2020). Gender Affirming Therapy for Gender Dysphoria: A Rapid Qualitative Review. Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health.
  25. Green, A. E., DeChants, J. P., Price, M. N., & Davis, C. K. (2022). Association of Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy With Depression, Thoughts of Suicide, and Attempted Suicide Among Transgender and Nonbinary Youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 70(4), 643-649. Retrieved from doi:
  26. GLAAD. (2021, June 21). GLAAD media reference guide - lesbian/gay/bisexual glossary of terms. Retrieved September 13, 2021, from
  27. GLAAD. (2021, March 28). GLAAD media reference guide - Transgender. Retrieved September 13, 2021, from
  28. Turban, J. (2020, November). What is Gender Dysphoria? Retrieved September 13, 2021, from
  29. University of Toronto and Centre for Addiction and Mental Health. (n.d.). Two-Spirit Community. Researching for LGBTQ Health. Retrieved September 13, 2021, from