Some of the risk factors for stroke are potentially "modifiable." This means that they can be treated or controlled.  In most cases, there is good evidence that treatment leads to significant reductions in the occurence of stroke and in death from stroke.

These "modifiable" risk factors for stroke are often separated into medical conditions which reflect the existence of underlying patholgy or pathophysiology, and lifestyle-related factors which may be independent risk factors and/or contribute to one or more of these medical conditions.

  • Hypertension
  • Heart disease:
    - Myocardial infarction

    - Atrial fibrillation
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hyperlipidemia
  • Carotid stenosis (asymptomatic)
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Physical inactivity
  • Excessive alcohol use
  • Obesity