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Article 6. The Non-Tenure Track

Section 6.1 Academic Positions in the Non-Tenure Track
Section 6.2 Use of Titles
Section 6.3 Expectations of Faculty Assigned to the Clinical Path, the Traditional Path, and the Research Path
Section 6.4 Appointment as, or Promotion to, Assistant Professor.
Section 6.5 Reappointment as Assistant Professor
Section 6.6 Appointment as, or Promotion to, Associate Professor of (Dept.), Clinical Associate Professor of (Dept.), or Research Associate Professor of (Dept.)
Section 6.7 Reappointment as Clinical Associate Professor of (Dept.), Associate Professor, or Research Associate Professor
Section 6.8 Appointment as, or promotion to Clinical Professor of (Dept.), Professor of (Dept.) or Research Professor of (Dept.)
Section 6.9 Reappointment Clinical Professor (of Dept.), Professor (of Dept.) or Research Professor (of Dept.)

Tables:

  1. Non-Tenure Track Pathways
  2. Sample of Activities recognized by Promotion Boards
  3. Examples of Activities that provide evidence of an "Entry" Level of Achievement
  4. Typical Expectations for Promotion to Associate and Full Professor in the Non Tenure Track
  5. Examples of Activities that provide evidence of an ‘Established’ level of achievement
  6. Examples of Activities that provide evidence of an ‘Senior’ level of achievement

Section 6.1 Academic Positions in the Non-Tenure Track. Appointments, reappointments and promotions in the non-tenure track shall be subject to the standards and criteria described in Section 4. There are three separate pathways for the appointment and promotion of non-tenure- track faculty: the Clinical Path, the Traditional (Unmodified) Path, and the Research Path. The chart below (Table 1) illustrates the titles and ranks that shall be employed:

Table 1. Non-Tenure Track Pathways
CLINICAL TRADITIONAL RESEARCH
Clinical Assistant Professor of (Dept)* Assistant Professor of (Dept)* Research Assistant Professor of (Dept)*
Clinical Associate Professor of (Dept)* Associate of (Dept)* Research Associate Professor of (Dept)*
Clinical Professor of (Dept)* Professor of (Dept)* Research Professor of (Dept)*
* “(Dept.)” refers to the name of the appropriate academic department (or school in the case of schools without departments. (N.B. Faculty members holding appointments in the non-tenure track at the time of adoption of this document may elect to keep their present title upon reappointment at the same rank). See Section 1.4.

Section 6.2 Use of Titles.The ranks and titles described in Section 6.1 and in Table 1 shall be applicable to all faculty members in the Non-Tenure track who contribute a significant proportion (e.g.>10% effort) of their professional time to academic programs of the University of Massachusetts Medical School, whether they are University-salaried, UMMHC-salaried, or voluntary faculty, or located on or off the University of Massachusetts Medical School campus.

Section 6.3 Expectations of Faculty Assigned to the Clinical Path, the Traditional Path, and the Research Path. At the time of initial appointment, the department chair shall recommend an appropriate rank and title for each Non-Tenure track faculty member based on his/her assigned duties and anticipated academic contributions. Those assigned to the Traditional (unmodified) pathway shall be expected to provide excellent contributions in at least two of the following three areas: (1) education; (2) research/creative/scholarly activity and (3) professional or academic service, including clinical care where relevant. Those assigned to the Research pathway shall be expected to focus on research/scholarly activity with the expectation that s/he will develop regional/national recognition for this activity; in addition s/he shall be expected to make ongoing, significant contributions to the academic programs of the University of Massachusetts Medical School. Those assigned to the clinical pathway shall be expected to focus on clinical care, with the expectation that s/he will develop local/regional recognition for this activity; in addition s/he shall be expected to provide ongoing, significant contributions to the academic programs of the University of Massachusetts Medical School. In addition, all faculty members, irrespective of their pathway, are expected to participate in service activities. Two types of service are recognized, professional and academic. Professional service includes patient care and related activities plus services in professional organizations and public bodies that enhance the prestige of the School and University. Academic service refers to activities that enhance the functioning of the academic community of the School and University such as participation in faculty governance, or service on task forces, working groups, or search committees. Examples of other criteria considered by promotion committees are included in Table 2.

Table 2. Sample of Activities recognized by Promotion Boards
Professional/Academic Service Research/Scholarly Activity Education
  • patient care in any setting
  • services to organizations for patients, their families, and community groups
  • services related to the development, management, evaluation, and improvement of clinical services
  • services on committees related to clinical services
  • participation-leadership of professional organizations
  • professionally related public or government service
  • public or community health services
  • service on school or university committees
  • participating in study sections or equivalent review committees
  • external consulting that is professionally related, enhances the reputation of the School and University, and carried out in accordance with the conflict-of-interest and other regulations of the University
  • conducting original research
  • developing patents, devices, or procedures
  • developing publicpolicy or conducting related studies/ reviews
  • editing, reviewing and writing for scientific books, journals, and other communications media
  • synthesizing knowledge in book chapters, monographs, and review articles
  • describing cases, outcomes, or other events that contribute to the recognition and/or understanding of health problems
  • instructing medical students, residents, fellows, graduate and postgraduate students in classroom, laboratory, patient care or other environments
  • advising, counseling, evaluating, and recruiting students, residents, or fellows
  • presenting or leading continuing professional education programs
  • presenting or leading faculty development activities
  • instructing learners of other Schools and institutions
  • developing curricula, organizing new teaching programs, substantially improving established courses, or integrating teaching activities within or between departments
  • developing or facilitating improvements in teaching techniques and methods of evaluation
  • developing or substantially improving teaching resources including the preparation and evaluation of standardized patients

Section 6.4 Appointment as, or Promotion to, Assistant Professor. Normally, appointment or promotion to the rank of Assistant Professor in the Non-Tenure Track shall require evidence that s/he has credentials that would be considered to reflect an ‘entry level’ of achievement, including:

  1. Evidence that s/he has completed formal training, and:
    1. for those clinically trained in medical disciplines, that s/he is has completed all necessary training to be eligible for board certification;
    2. for those trained in basic science, that s/he has completed 2 years of post-doctoral research;
    3. for those prepared in nursing, that s/he has had 2 years of experience teaching at the university or college level, or relevant experience and achievement other than university or college teaching sufficient to qualify for appointment as an Assistant Professorship in a university school of nursing;
    4. for others not included in i., ii., or iii., equivalent previous professional experience, achievement, responsibility and strength of professional development to merit consideration;
  2. Evidence of prior experience in the areas of education, research/scholarly activity or professional/academic service that would qualify as ‘Entry’ level achievement. Examples of relevant experience are included below. It is recognized that junior faculty will vary considerably as to their level of prior experience in each of these categories.
  3. Although normally, a first appointment as Assistant Professor shall be as “Assistant Professor,” the Chair, with appropriate justification, may request an appointment as “Clinical Assistant Professor of (Dept.)” or “Research Assistant Professor.”
Table 3: Examples of Activities that provide evidence of an "Entry" Level of Achievement
Professional/Academic Service Research/Scholarly Activity Education
  • for clinical faculty members, demonstrated competence in area of clinical expertise
  • contributions to ongoing programs/teams involved in clinical, public health or research activities
  • local/regional consulting (including consultations with State agencies) in area of expertise
  • active participation in professional organizations
  • peer reviews for scientific journals or for granting agencies
  • activities related to faculty or student governance
  • service on task forces, committees and other groups of the school or university
  • advising/sponsoring of student or resident organization
  • publication of clinical, basic science, or educational research (or evidence of significant contribution to publications)
  • presentation (verbal or poster) of study results to local audiences
  • application as principal investigator for locally or regionally-funded grants or contracts
  • case reports or review articles that integrate and expand existing knowledge or that provide an extensive literature review*
  • significant involvement at a local level in the developing, implementing and evaluating clinical guidelines *
  • significant contribution to policy development at a local level*
  • formal lectures to medical and/or graduate students, residents, fellows, and peers
  • instruction in laboratory settings or in similar experiential learning activities
  • teaching in patient care environments
  • serving as a facilitator in small group formats
  • supervision and individualized instruction of graduate students or residents
  • presentations for grand rounds, teaching rounds or journal clubs
  • mentoring learners or colleagues
* For consideration for promotion, the asterisked activities must integrate or expand existing knowledge and/or provide an extensive literature review

Section 6.5 Reappointment as Assistant Professor. Reappointment as Assistant Professor in the Non-Tenure Track shall require:

  1. evidence of continuing achievement and growth since the initial appointment, and
  2. evidence of high quality performance consistent with the expectations (defined in Section 6.3) for his/her designated pathway.

Section 6.6 Appointment as, or Promotion to, Associate Professor of (Dept.), Clinical Associate Professor of (Dept.), or Research Associate Professor of (Dept).Appointment at or promotion to the rank of Associate Professor of (Dept.), Clinical Associate Professor of (Dept.) or Research Associate Professor of (Dept.) is dependent on achievement and not length of service, and is an honor within the institution. Normally, it shall require:

  1. considerable academic or professional experience beyond the level which would warrant an appointment or reappointment as Assistant Professor as stated in Section 6.4 and Section 6.5, including: i. 6 years of service at the level of Assistant Professor at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, or another academic institution; or ii. equivalent previous professional experience, achievement, responsibility and strength of professional development; and
  2. an academic record, beyond that required for the rank of Assistant Professor. A description as to the level of achievements and the types of activities that are evaluated for promotion in each pathways are listed in Table 4 and Table 5 below.
  3. promise of continuing professional development and achievement in the above areas as appropriate.
Table 4. Typical Expectations for Promotion to Associate and Full Professor in the Non Tenure Track
Rank Clinical Traditional Research
Associate Professor ‘Established’ level achievement in the area of clinical/professional service and ‘entry’ level achievement in at least one of the two other mission areas. ‘Established’ level achievement in at least two of the three mission areas, and ‘entry’ level achievement in the other area. ‘Established’ level achievement in the area of Research /Scholarly activity, and ‘entry’ level achievement in at least one of the two other mission areas.
Professor ‘Senior’ level achievement in the area of clinical/professional service, and at least ‘entry’ level of achievement in the two other mission areas. ‘Senior’ level achievement in at least one mission area, ‘established’ level of achievement in a second area and at least ‘entry’ level achievement in the third. ‘Senior’ level achievement in the area of research and at least ‘entry’ level of achievement in the two other mission areas.

 

Table 5. Examples of Activities that provide evidence of an ‘Established’ level of achievement
Professional/Academic Service Research/Scholarly Activity Education
  • consulting on a regional basis
  • responsibility for a clinical or scientific program
  • leadership role in appropriate committees or groups related to clinical services or research such as IRB
  • leadership role/chair of major committees on a regional basis
  • spokesperson for the School or University on areas of expertise
  • awards and other recognition as an outstanding regional clinician
  • substantial contributions to activities related to faculty governance
  • substantial contributions to task forces, committees and other groups of the School and University
  • substantial administrative responsibilities for departments, units or the School
  • substantial mentoringof learners or colleagues
  • adhoc reviewer for a scientific review board
  • substantial contribution to academic/professional organization such as chair of major committee or responsibility for scientific meeting
  • scientific publications in peer-reviewed journals and equivalent formats (emphasis on first and/or senior authorship)
  • regional/national recognition in his/her academic field
  • extramural grants or contracts (emphasis on principal investigator)
  • patents or other evidence of acceptance of devices or procedures
  • significant involvement at a regional or national level in the developing, implementing and evaluating clinical guidelines *
  • significant contribution to policy development at a regional or national level *
  • supervising or coordinating teaching by others (e.g. course director, residency program director)
  • developing and participating in teaching of major components of courses (medical student, graduate student, resident, fellow, or CME courses)
  • developing significant educational and curricular materials (e.g. syllabi, curricular objectives, teaching cases, software)
  • developing significant evaluation techniques (e.g. examinations, surveys, software, standardized patients)
  • supervising graduate students and participating in dissertation committees
* For consideration for promotion, the asterisked activities must integrate or expand existing knowledge and/or provide an extensive literature review.

Section 6.7 Reappointment as Clinical Associate Professor of (Dept.), Associate Professor, or Research Associate Professor. Reappointment at the rank of Clinical Associate Professor of (Dept.), Associate Professor, or Research Associate Professor shall require evidence of continuing high quality growth, achievement, professional development, and the fulfillment of responsibilities as outlined in Table 5 above.

Section 6.8 Appointment as, or promotion to Clinical Professor of (Dept.), Professor of (Dept.) or Research Professor of (Dept.). The rank of Professor of (Dept.), Clinical Professor of Dept.) or Research Professor (of Dept.) is reserved for those faculty who have had exceptional achievement in their profession. Normally it requires:

  1. 12 years of professional experience beyond the time the faculty member would have qualified for an initial appointment at the Assistant Professor rank, and
  2. evidence of professional maturity, external recognition for his/her academic achievements and sustained high quality performance, well beyond the level required for the rank of Associate Professor, Clinical Associate Professor or Research Associate Professor so as to meet the levels of achievement outlined in Table 4. Examples of activities that would qualify as 'senior vs 'established' vs 'entry' level of achievement are described in Table 3 and Table 5 above and in Table 6 below.
  3. Promise of continuing professional development and achievement.
Table 6. Examples of Activities that provide evidence of an ‘Senior’ level of achievement
Professional/Academic Service Research/Scholarly Activity Education
  • clinical, or public health consulting on a national or international basis
  • recognition as national or international leader in area of expertise
  • invited clinical presentations to national/international gatherings
  • significant contribution to national standards in area of expertise
  • leadership role in national or international professional organization
  • leadership position and substantial contribution in activities related to faculty governance
  • leadership position and substantial contribution in task forces, committees and other groups of the School and University
  • leadership position in administrative responsibilities for departments, units or the School
  • member of an editorial board of a major scientific publication
  • regular member or leader of a study section or equivalent review committee
  • substantial and significant publications as first and/or senior author
  • national/international recognition in his/her academic field
  • invited scientific presentations to national/international gatherings
  • scientific consulting on a national or international basis
  • consistent success in obtaining extramural funding through grants or contracts that are peer- reviewed and depend on scientific excellence
  • contributing editor or regular writer for a major scientific publication
  • developing a course, curricular materials, or evaluation resources/techniques that are used regionally or nationally
  • playing a major role in the organization, implementation and evaluation of a regional or national educational activity
  • writing or editing textbooks or equivalent resources adopted by other institutions
  • acting as an education consultant to national bodies or a reviewer for national grants in education.
  • successful ongoing activities in educational research that is supported by extramural grants and published in high impact educational journals

Section 6.9 Reappointment Clinical Professor (of Dept.), Professor (of Dept.) or Research Professor (of Dept.). Reappointment as Clinical Professor of (Dept.), Professor or Research Professor shall require continuing evidence of high quality performance at the level or beyond that outlined in Section 6.8 and in Table 6 which justify initial appointment or promotion to this rank.