Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder commonly diagnosed in childhood. The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) estimates that 3% to 5% of children have ADHD. Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is similar to ADHD, but without the hyperactivity and is more often diagnosed in adults.
ADHD can affect both school and family life. Symptoms of ADHD in children are generally grouped into three categories: inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness.
The symptoms include:
- Trouble paying attention
- Trouble following directions or finishing tasks
- Non-stop talking and fidgeting
- Impatience and forgetfulness
- Quickly switching from activity to activity
- Difficulty waiting for his or her turn
Most of the symptoms can seem like normal childhood behavior, but with ADHD the symptoms are worse and occur more often. The cause of ADHD is unknown and research is continuing.
If you suspect your child has ADHD you should talk to your doctor. Although there is no cure, treatment is available and can help alleviate symptoms. Appropriate treatment is important because ADHD can negatively affect your child’s performance in school, their ability to make and keep friends, and can co-exist with learning disabilities, depression, anxiety, and alcohol and drug abuse.
National Institute of Mental Health
National Institutes of Health
Center for Disease Control
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
American Psychological Association
Children and Adults with ADHD
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