Everyone feels sad sometimes, but these feelings usually pass after a few days. When a person has a depressive disorder, it interferes with daily life, normal functioning, and causes pain for both the person with the disorder and those who care about him or her. Depression is a serious illness and most who experience it need treatment to get better.
There are several forms of depressive disorder. The most common are major depressive disorder and dysthymic disorder.
Major depression—severe symptoms that interfere with your ability to work, sleep, study, eat and enjoy life. An episode can occur only once in a person’s lifetime, but more often, a person has several episodes.
Dysthymic disorder—depressive symptoms that last a long time (2 years or longer) but are less severe than those of major depression.
Minor depression—similar to major depression and dysthymia, but symptoms are less severe and may not last as long.
Postpartum depression—diagnosed if a new mother develops a major depressive episode within one month after delivery. It is estimated that 10 to 15 percent of women experience postpartum depression after giving birth.
Different people have different symptoms. Some symptoms of depression include:
The first step to getting the right treatment is to visit a doctor or mental health professional. He or she can do an exam or lab tests to rule out other conditions that may have the same symptoms as depression. Treatment options include medications and psychotherapy (sourced from www.nimh.nih.gov).
If your life is being impacted by depression, EAP can help you.. EAP is available toll-free 24 hours a day, 1-800-322-5327 or email at firstname.lastname@example.org or call your family doctor.
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Senior Health and Depression-National Institutes of Health
Maternal Depression-Health Resources and Services Administration
Families for Depression Awareness
Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance
Depression Booklet-National Institute of Mental Health
Women and Depression
Depression and Childbirth
Real Men, Real Depression
Depression in High School Students
Depression in Children and Adolescents
Kids and Mood Disorders